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Konya is a city in the Central Anatolia Region of Turkey. It is one of the ten most populous cities in Turkey and as of 2011 the metropolitan municipality had a population of 1.1 million.

Konya has been an old permanent settlemet province, a cradle for many civilizations since people started to run a settled life in 7000 B.C. As we remember the usage of writing began 3500 B.C, Konya is considered one of the oldest settlements of the world history. Catalhoyuk, located within the province of Konya, is known as a centre of the first cultivation made in the world history.

It became the capital city of the Seljuk Empire in the 12th century andconsequently experienced the most important Renaissance period of its long history.

In the 13th century, Konya was completely transformed with Selcuk architecture. Because of its locations in the middle of the barren Anatolian steppe, it used to be one of the most important trading centres on the Silk Road.

The great Muslim philosopher Rumi, who believed in human love and said that mystical unity with God could be reached by the Sema, a whirling dance to music performed by the dervishes, lived in Konya and established a following here. Every year in December, Konya holds a Mevlana Week which includes performances of the Sema. Mevlana is buried with his father Bahaeddin Veled in the Green Tomb (Yesil Turbe), which has become the symbol of the city. The Dervish Lodge and Mevlana Museum adjacent to the tomb are open to the public. Today Konya is still a centre of Sufic practice and teaching.

Konya is an important place for Christians as well because St. Paul and St. Barnabas came to the city on one of their journeys in Asia Minoraround 50 AD. St. Paul preached in Konya but they angered both Jewsand Gentiles so they had to leave the city and went to Derbe and Lystra.

Main sights in Konya are Alaeddin Mosque, Ince Minaret Medrese(Museum), Karatay Medrese (which was a theological school used as tiles museum today), Mevlana Museum (formerly the tekke of Mevlana), Seljuk Tower (the tallest building in Konya), Alaeddin Hill and Alaaddin KeykubatMosque (from 12th century).

The most famous speciality of Konya’s cuisine is firin Kebap (oily roasted mutton) and etli ekmek (pide topped with meat). There are many types of kebap and pastries available.

And don’t leave without; Learning about the Dervishes in the Mevlana Museum, Visiting the ancient sites of Catalhoyuk and Kilistra, Admiring the ornate architecture of the Mosques, Palaces, and Hans, Entering a wedding dinner, Buying carpets, and pileless carpets from the villages of Konya, Watching the Mevlevi ceremony between 10-17 December every year (every Saturday evening a demonstration ceremony is organized in Mevlana Cultur Center).

An ever snowy peak, rising magnificently over the Central Anatolian plateau, is Mount Erciyes (3196 m), an extinct volcano. Those who visit Kayseri, the city situated at the skirt of this mountain, first view this majestic sight. Then as they move towards the inner city, they will be amazed by the appearance of elegant minarets and domes of mosques, and the high city walls.

314 kms from Ankara, this province forms a composition of history and nature, and possesses many special features both as an ancient site and as a present-day tourist center. The city is full of many old Turkish baths, fountains, tombs, inns, mosques, and medresses.

Mount Erciyes is the most outstanding feature in this region, not only with its fascinating scenery but also with the opportunities it offers for winter sports. It is a beautiful ski-resort with many facilities, and there also exist several areas suitable for mountaineering.

At the foot of Mount Erciyes are the Sultan Marshes, 50 kms south of Kayseri. Birds of 130 species are to be found here and it is an interesting and lovely spot for bird watchers.

Besides the beauties granted by nature, Kayseri enjoys the many gifts of history, being a settlement area approximately 5000 years old. The city has played different roles throughout its long past.

By the 2nd millenium BC, the district was one of the commercial centers of the Hittites. The towns of Kultepe and Karahoyuk of Kanesh were two of these trade cities, named as "Karums" in that period.

In the later ages, the city constituted one of the cornerstones of Cappadocia after which it became a center of Christianity. In the 6th century AD, it was occupied by the Byzantines who surrounded the city with high walls. Later saw the age of Seljuk rule, during which the area was filled with numerous monumental works.

With respect to the historical signs which have remained from all these periods, the Huand (Mahperi) Hatun Mosque and Medresse, and the Mahperi Hatun Mausoleum are of importance, each dating back to the 13th century. "Kumbets", which are circular tombs with domed or conical roofs, named Doner, Cifte and Sircali, are also attractive places to see having distinctively fine decoration.

In the town of Develi are the old Seljuk buildings of Ulu Mosque, Seyid-I Serif, and Develi tomb; on the Sivas road 46 kms north of Kayseri is the Sultan Han, a caravanserai constructed during the reign of Alaeddin Keykubat.

Acting as a learning center during the Seljuk period, the city possesses many medresses, which were the theological schools of the time. Sahabiye Medresse is beautiful with its original monumental portal, and the Cifte Medresse is another, carrying the title of the first medieval school of anatomy.

Located in the center of the Old World, Istanbul is one of the world's great cities famous for its historical monuments and magnificent scenic beauties. It is the only city in the world which spreads over two continents: it lies at a point where Asia and Europe are separated by a narrow strait - the Bosphorus. Istanbul has a history of over 2,500 years, and ever since its establishment on this strategic junction of lands and seas, the city has been a crucial trade center.

The historic city of Istanbul is situated on a peninsula flanked on three sides by the Sea of Marmara, the Bosphorus and the Golden Horn. It has been the capital of three great empires, the Roman, Byzantine and Ottoman empires, and for more than 1,600 years over 120 emperors and sultans ruled the world from here. No other city in the world can claim such a distinction. 

During its development, the city was enlarged four times, each time the city walls being rebuilt further to the west. 

Surrounded by 5th century Roman city walls and stretching over seven hills, Istanbul is adorned by the masterpieces of Turkish art, the great mosques of the Sultans that crown the hills. The city presents an exquisite, majestic and serene silhouette from all directions. The Golden Horn, which is a very secure natural harbor, has played a significant role in the development of the city. 

Fortune provided such advantages to Istanbul as a location at a junction where the main overland routes reach the sea, an easily defensible peninsula, an ideal climate, a rich and generous nature, control of the strategic Bosphorus, and a central geographical position in the ancient world.

As a capital of empires, the city was not only an administrative, but also a religious center. The Patriarchate of Eastern Christians has been headquartered here since its establishment, and the largest early churches and monasteries of the Christian world rose in this city on top of the pagan temples. Within a century after the city was conquered, it was enriched with mosques, palaces, schools, baths and other architectural monuments that gave it a Turkish character, while some of the existing churches in ruins were repaired, altered and converted into mosques.Between the 16th century when the Ottoman sultans acquired themselves the title of the "Caliph of Islam" and 1924, the first year of the Republic, Istanbul was also the headquarters of the Caliphate. More Jews settled in Istanbul than any other port, and here they built themselves a new and happy life after they were rescued from Spain by the Turks in the 15th century. Istanbul has always been a city of tolerance where mosques, churches and synagogues existed side by side. The city was adorned with a large number of dazzling and impressive works even during the period of decline of the Ottomans.

During this time, the influence of European art made itself felt in the new palaces, while the northern slopes of the Golden Horn, Galata and Beyoglu districts assumed a European character. Even when the Empire, which was a party to World War I, collapsed and the young Republic that replaced it moved the capital to Ankara, Istanbul did not lose its significance.

The haphazard development that began in the years following World War II and accelerated in the 1950's has unfortunately had a negative impact on the fabric of the old city, and while old wooden houses disappeared rapidly, concrete buildings proliferated. Istanbul experienced a population explosion due to immigration, and within a very short period it expanded far beyond the historical city walls. The areas inside the walls were invaded by workshops, mills and offices; even the new thoroughfares could not solve the traffic problems, and the inadequacy of the infrastructure gave rise to a sea pollution problem, starting with the Golden Horn.

With the initiatives for saving the city in the 1980s, Istanbul embarked on a process of restructuring on a scale unseen in its history.Thousands of buildings along the Golden Horn were demolished to make way for a green belt on its shores; parks and gardens were built on the land claimed by filling up the beaches of the Sea of Marmara. In order to prevent sea pollution drainage systems were completed and physical and biological wastewater treatment plants were erected; the use of natural gas for heating has considerably reduced air pollution. 

Efforts are continuing for the restoration of the Roman city walls, and Beyoglu, the main artery, was rescued by building a newavenue. Improvements were made in ihe general cleaning, maintenance, garbage collection fields and these services are now at Western European standards. Ring roads cross the Bosphorus over two suspension bridges to connect the two continents. The European side has now a fast tramway system and a subway, and comfort and speed has been ensured in sea transportation with the hydrofoil terminals built on the seashores. All industrial establishments on the historic peninsula have been moved to new facilities in the suburbs, and the new international bus terminal has reduced traffic intensity. The old jail and the first large concrete building of the city were given over to tourism and converted into 5-star hotels. 

The city is growing dynamically and developing at full speed on an east-west axis along the shores of the Marmara.

Turkey, known officially as the Republic of Turkey, is an Eurasian country. Turkey is bordered by eight countries; Bulgaria, Greece, Georgia, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Iran, Iraq and Syria. The country has cost lines of the Mediterranean Sea, the Aegean Sea, the Black Sea and the Sea of Marmara. Turkey is a democratic, secular, constitutional republic.

The capital city of Turkey is Ankara. Turkish is the official language of Turkey. The currency of Turkey is the Turkish Lira.Turkey has become increasingly integrated with the West through membership in organizations such as the Council of Europe, NATO, OECD, OSCE and the G-20 major economies.

Turkey began full membership negotiations with the European Union in 2005, having been an associate member of the European Economic Community since 1963 and having reached a customs union agreement in 1995. Turkey has also close cultural, political, economic and industrial relations with the Middle East, the Turkish states of Central Asia and the African countries through membership in organizations such as the Turkish Council, Joint Administration of Turkish Arts and Culture, Organisation of Islamic Cooperation and the Economic Cooperation Organization.

Turkey`s location between Europe and Asia makes significant geostrategic importance. With its strategic location, large economy and military strength, Turkey is a major regional power.

Medical Environment

Turkey lived revolution in health system. Healthcare services are at same standards as the European countries. And also The Joint Commission International (JCI) has accredited 44 hospitals in Turkey. These hospitals are mostly located in Istanbul. However, there are also JCI accredited hospitals in Bursa, Ankara, Antalya, Izmir, Adana, and Kocaeli. Turkey has highly skilled, English speaking doctors and staff. In Turkey the most popular treatments are in vitro fertilization, ophthalmology, aesthetics surgery and dental treatments. However Turkey offers high quality medical care in cardiology, endocrinology, gastroenterology, rheumatology, nephrology, oncology, neurology, dermatology, gynaecology/obstetrics, orthopaedics and organ transplantation.

Climate

The coastal areas of Turkey bordering the Aegean Sea and the Mediterranean Sea have a temperate Mediterranean climate; with hot, dry summers and mild to cool, wet winters. In the Black Sea coastal areas have a temperate oceanic climate with warm, wet summers and cool to cold, wet winters. The coastal areas of Turkey bordering the Sea of Marmara (including Istanbul), which connects the Aegean Sea and the Black Sea, have a transitional climate between a temperate Mediterranean climate and a temperate oceanic climate with warm to hot, moderately dry summers and cool to cold, wet winters.

Entrance Requirements

With the policy of diplomatic attack and zero problem with neighbouring countries, 58 citizens do not need a visa for coming to Turkey if it’s only for three months. These countries are Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Albania, Bahamas, Barbados, Belize Bolivia, Bosnia Herzegovina, Brazil, Ecuador, El Salvador, Morocco, Fiji, Philippines, Guatemala, South Africa Republic, Georgia, Haiti, Croatia, Honduras, Hong Kong, Iran, Jamaica, Japan, Montenegro, Kyrgyzstan, Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus, Colombia, South Korea, Kosovo, Costa Rika, Libya, Lebanon, Macao Special Administrative Region, Macedonia, Maldives, Malaysia, Mauritius, Nicaragua, Pakistan, Palau Republic, Paraguay, Russia, St. Vincent-Grenadines, Singapore, Solomon Islands, Sri Lanka, Syria, Swaziland, Chilli, Thailand, Trinidad-Tobago, Tunisia, Tuvalu, Uruguay, Jordan, Venezuela.The other citizens have to take visa.

Hospital and Medical Centers